At Hope Cancer Care of Nevada we have experienced breast cancer specialists who provide personalized care using state-of-the-art evidence-based treatments, clinical trials and technologies.
Breast cancer begins when healthy cells in the breast change and grow out of control and forms a mass called a tumor. There are two types of tumors, benign and malignant. If the tumor is malignant it can grow and spread to other parts of the body and if the tumor is benign it can grow but will not spread.
When breast cancer spreads to other parts of the body this is called metastasis. Although breast cancer typically spreads through lymph nodes it can also spread further through the body to other areas such as the bones, lungs, liver and the brain. This is called metastatic or stage IV breast cancer.
Types of Breast Cancer
The most common types of breast cancer are ductal carcinoma, lobular carcinoma, invasive or infiltrating ductal carcinoma and invasive lobular carcinoma. Other less common breast cancer types include medullary, mucinous, tubular, metaplastic and papillary.
Subtypes of Breast Cancer
There are three main subtypes of breast cancer which are determined by specific tests of the tumor sample. Testing the tumor sample can find out if the cancer is hormone receptor positive, HER2 positive or triple negative.
Breast Cancer Treatments
New treatments have been approved for early and late stages of breast cancer. Treatments include chemotherapy, immunotherapy, hormonal therapy and targeted therapies. Hope Cancer Care of Nevada patients also have access to a robust list of clinical-based trials.